Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that is concerned with the structures surrounding and supporting the teeth; a common concern being Periodontal Disease, which affects the gums and threatens the structure of the mouth.
What is Periodontal Gum Disease?
In short, Periodontal Disease is an infection of the gums caused by a buildup of plaque on the teeth that releases toxins and causes the gums to become swollen, and bleed easily. Gingivitis is the mild case of this gum disease. Gingivitis can usually be easily treated, unlike the more advance Periodontis, which is what the gum disease progresses into if left untreated. With Periodontis, the gum infection becomes a great deal more severe and invades below the gumline. As a result, this will create a reaction in which the body will start to break down the tissue and bone that support the teeth, causing the gums to pull away, pockets of gum infection to form, and may ultimately result in needing a surgical procedure to control the infection.
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